Having one urine infection is enough to put up with and women are more likely to suffer with this condition.
Some women are unlucky enough to suffer with more than one urine infection and these can need specialist assessment and treatment particularly if they are suffering more than two infections per year.
Specialist tests including non-invasive ultrasound scans are usual in younger patients to rule out kidney stones and other problems.
For some patients a telescopic examination of the bladder may be suggested, particularly if blood is visible in the urine.
Antibiotics are often used to sort out an active infection. Once serious underlying conditions have been ruled out it is usually possible to reduce the frequency of infections without surgery using a combination of lifestyle advice regarding diet and fluid intake.
In some more difficult cases a course of medication such as iAluril may be suggested. Hormone replacement treatment may also be appropriate for older women.